Pressure washers are the advanced versions of mechanical sprayers, but they use high pressure to carry out their work. The force of a pressure washer is featured on its pump, which is measured in pounds per square inch. This can be altered by regulating the unloader valve. On the other hand, the volume is measured in gallons per minute and featured on the pump but cannot be modified.
Water plays a significant role in the proper functioning of pressure washers. This means that there must be enough water supply to the pressure washer when in use. Insufficient water supply causes damages to the pump and results in cavitation.
A standard High-Quality pressure washer comprises a motor, a high-pressure hose, and a switch. The engine could be electric, internal combustion, hydraulic, or air-filled; this controls the high-pressure water pump. At the same time, the hose has a nozzle that regulates the pressure and velocity of the water.
The parts mentioned above don’t do justice to the pressure washer components, so details are highlighted below to know more about the features of a pressure washer.
Parts Of Pressure Washers
The water pump is the core of pressure washers, and the motor controls it. In addition, a standard pump can accommodate a flow of up to 1-2 gallons per minute.
Water gets sucked in from the tap when the motor pulls the pump in a particular direction, and then when pulled in another direction, water spurts out with pressure.
The hose is like a tube but strengthened with wire mesh and layers of high-density plastic. It is usually connected to the pressure washer, but if yours does not come with one, it is advisable to use a hose that has higher pressure than the pump.
The motor could be powered by electricity or gas. Smaller pressure washers are often operated using electric current while the larger ones run on fuel. The standard power rating is 3 to 5 kilowatts and 3.5 to 5 horsepower.
This is a connector between the pressure washer and where you get your water. There is a filter attachment to prevent damage to the machine and stop particles from entering it.
How Do Pressure Washers Work?
Pressure washers are powered by the motor, which powers the water pump. Detergent flows through one hose while water flows in from the tap through another hose. The water has to be always filtered. Both the water and detergent get dragged in by the pump to make a mixture.
The water is mainly heated to about 50 degrees to 70 degrees within the machine. The pump then spurts out the soapy water through the hose. The water would be hot, but the strength of the hose protects it. The nozzle helps increase the pressure, which cleans better and manages the water.
It’s all about pumping water. Pressure washers always need water to function. In addition to water, all the machine components have to work uniformly to perform their critical roles, ensuring the smooth completion of every cleaning task.